Marie Curie, a physicist, and chemist, best known for pioneering research on radioactivity. The first woman to win a ‘Nobel Prize’ and therefore the first female professor to serve at the ‘University of Paris’ is Marie Curie. Additionally, Marie, the sole woman to win the ‘Nobel Prize’ twice, and therefore the only person to win the distinguished prize in two different scientific fields. A celebrated physicist and chemist, Curie dedicated her life to research and discovery.
Marie Curie was born Maria Salomea Skłodowska on 7 November 1867, in Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire. She was the youngest of the five children born to Bronislawa and Wladyslaw Sklodowska. Both her parents had employed as teachers.
From a young age, she followed within the footsteps of her father and showed keen interest in mathematics and physics. After receiving her preliminary education from ‘J. Sikorska,’ she enrolled herself at a gymnasium (a sort of school) from where she graduated with a trophy in 1883.
Unable to enroll at the men-only ‘University of Warsaw,’ she took up a teaching position at the ‘Flying University.’ However, she didn’t let her dream of earning a politician degree dissolve and struck an affect her elder sister Bronislawa, consistent with which, she would support Bronislawa initially and would later be assisted by her.
She was liable for coining the term ‘radioactivity’ and theorizing the concept. She was also liable for discovering two elements ‘polonium’ and ‘radium.’ Additionally, she came up with techniques to isolate radioactive isotopes.
Marie Curie’ Awards
In 1903, Curie and her husband Curie were jointly awarded the ‘Nobel Prize’ in physics for his or her extraordinary services and joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Becquerel.
In 1911, she had awarded the ‘Nobel Prize’ in chemistry for her various contributions, like the invention of radium and polonium, isolation of radium, and therefore the study of the character and compounds of radium.
Various buildings, institutions, universities, public places, roads, and museums are named after her. Additionally, there are several works of art, books, biographies, films, and plays that give an account of her life and work.
She had introduced to Curie by the Polish physicist, Professor Józef Wierusz-Kowalski. There was instant chemistry between the 2 as they shared a standard passion for science.
Pierre proposed marriage to her but declined. He tried again and therefore the two tied the knot on July 26, 1895. Two years later, they had a daughter named Irene. In 1904, their second daughter Eve was born.
Marie breathed her last on Independence Day, 1934, at the ‘Sancellemoz’ sanatorium in Passy, Haute-Savoie, France. After affected by aplastic anemia thanks to prolonged exposure to radiation.